Editor-in-Chief:

Professor Wahyu Kuntjoro – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal,
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.
Email: [email protected]

EDITORIAL BOARD:

Professor Abdelmagid Salem Hamouda – Qatar University, Qatar
Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department,
College of Engineering – Building B09
Qatar University,
P.O. Box 2713, Doha-Qatar
Email: [email protected]

Professor Abdul Rahman Omar – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal,
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Ahmad Azlan Mat Isa – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal,
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Bernd Schwarze – University of Applied Science, Osnabrueck, Germany
Albrechstr. 30,
49076 Osnabrück,
Building AA / Space 0320
University of Applied Science,
Osnabrueck, Germany
Email: [email protected]

Professor Bodo Heimann – Leibniz University of Hannover Germany
Leibniz University of Hannover
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Institute of Robotics
Applestr. 11, Germany
Email: [email protected]

Professor Darius Gnanaraj Solomon – Karunya University, India
School of Mechanical Engineering
VIT, Vellore
Tamil Nadu, India.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Essam E. Khalil – University of Cairo, Egypt
Faculty of Engineering,
Cairo University, Egypt.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Hazizan Md. Akil – Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
School of Materials & Mineral Resources Engineering,
Universiti Sains Malaysia,
14300, Nibong Tebal,
Penang, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Ichsan S. Putra – Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia
Faculty of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Labtek II, 2nd Floor
Ganesha Street No. 10
Bandung, 40132 Indonesia
Email: [email protected]

Professor Masahiro Ohka – Nagoya University, Japan
Department of Complex Systems Science,
Graduate School of Information Science,
Nagoya University,
Furo-cho Chikusa-ku Nagoya-shi,
Aichi-ken 464-8601, Japan
Email: [email protected]

Professor Miroslaw L Wyszynski – University of Birmingham, UK
School of Merchanical Engineering
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston, Birmingham
B15 2TT, UK
Email: [email protected]

Professor Mohd. Zulkifly Abdullah – Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
School of Mechanical Engineering,
Engineering Campus,
Universiti Sains Malaysia
14300 Nibong Tebal,
Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Muhammad Azmi Ayub – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal,
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Roslan Abd. Rahman – Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,
P.O.Box 791,
80990, Johor Bharu, Malaysia
Email: [email protected]

Professor Salmiah Kasolang – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal,
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Shahrir Abdullah – Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor
Email: [email protected]

Professor Shahrum Abdullah – Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor
Email: [email protected]

Professor Wirachman Wisnoe – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal,
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.
Email: [email protected]

Professor Xinkai Chen – Shibaura Institute of Technology, Japan
Department of Electronic and Information Systems
College of Systems Engineering and Sciences
Shibaura Institute of Technology
307 Fukasaku, Minuma-ku
Saitama-shi, Saitama 337-8570, Japan
Email: [email protected]

Professor Yongtae Do – Daegu University, Korea
School of Electronic Engineering,
Daegu University,
Jinryang, Gyeongsan-City,
Gyeongbuk, 712-714,
South Korea
Email: [email protected]

Dr. Yongki Go Tiauw Hiong – Florida Institute of Technology, USA
Mechanical Aerospace Engineering
F.W. Olin Engineering Complex, 241 Florida Institute of Technology
150 W. University Blvd
Melbourne, Florida 32901
Email: [email protected]

Dr. Mohd. Afian Omar – SIRIM Malaysia
Advanced Materials Research Center (AMREC), SIRIM Berhad,
Lot 34, Jln Hi Tech 2/3,
Kulim Hi tech Park,
09000 Kulim, Kedah
Email: [email protected]

Dr. Vallliyappan David Natarajan – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal,
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.
Email: [email protected]

EDITORIAL EXECUTIVE:

  1. Dr. Mohd Hanif Mohd Ramli – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  2. Dr. Siti Mariam Abdul Rahman – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  3. Dr. Baljit Singh a/l Bathal Singh – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  4. Dr. Kausalyah A/P Venkatason – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  5. Dr. Azlin Mohd Azmi – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  6. Dr. Abdul Malek Abdul Wahab – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  7. Mrs. Nor Merlisa Ali – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  8. Mrs. Nurul Syuhada Khusaini – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  9. Rosnadiah Bahsan – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  10. Mr. Muhamad Fauzi Othman – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Copyright © 2019 by the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (FKM), Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission, in writing, from the publisher.

Journal of Mechanical Engineering (ISSN 1823-5514) is published by the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (FKM) and UiTM Press, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

The views, opinions and technical recommendations expressed herein are those of individual researchers and authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Faculty or the University.